the history of oyo empire

Oranmiyan was the first king and the founder of the Oyo empire. April 21, 2020 Skillz ARTICLES 0. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Our mission is to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Oyo rose to become the most important city state, surpassing Ife during the 1300s. Books Dr Catel discusses the yoruba people, in particular the Oyo empire. In return, the Oyo received European goods which they could use themselves or trade with neighbouring states. "Oyo Empire." He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. It began in the 1300s in the West African savannah north of the tropical forests where other Yoruba peoples lived. The result of this loss was a domino effect that saw the Oyo Empire breaking up into smaller states which led to further competition and warfare between them. ISBN 0-333-59957-8 . Both the Owu in the south and Ede to the southeast became vassal states of Oyo as the empire reached its peak from the first half of the 17th century CE, eventually conquering 13 rival kingdoms. 2.1 ELEMENT OF CULTURAL HERITAGE IN OYO The concept of heritage connotes legacy from the past, what people live with today, and what they intend passing on to the future generations. Library of Congress Card #66-24317. Oyo Empire. Cartwright, Mark. It expanded from the 16th to the 18th century to become the Oyo Empire, reaching its peak (around 47570km2) in the middle of the 18th century. This electronic bookcontains fifty (50) pages of History about Lanlate, one of the oldest, most noble and popular towns in Oyo State dating back to the era of the Old Oyo Empire” (Oyo-Ile). Despite an oral tradition that minimises the Oyo’s involvement in the slave trade, the Oyo Empire certainly used slaves within its own state structures - many officials in the administration and military, for example, were of slave origin - much more so than in other states in the region. As Oyo’s wealth increased, so did its leaders’ political options; some wished to concentrate on amassing wealth, while others advocated the use of wealth for territorial expansion. The people created a government that established its power over a vast empire. Interestingly, the Oyo also took cultural ideas, not just land from its rivals, notably adopting the prominent ancestor worship of the Nupe into their own religious practices. "Oyo Empire." Ancient History Encyclopedia. History of Africa. Gao & the Niger Riverby UN Photo/Harandane Dicko (CC BY-NC-ND). The Kingdom of Benin, located in the southern forests of West Africa... West Africa was one of the world’s greatest producers of... Salt from the Sahara desert was one of the major trade goods of... A map indicating the major ancient and medieval states in sub-Saharan... A map of the Oyo Empire which flourished in what is today southern... A TIME OF TROUBLES: Itan - Legends of the Golden Age, Book Two. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 02 Apr 2020. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Of the seven Ibarapas (Ibarapa mejeje), this abode cannot be ignored. The role, position, and relevance of the Alaafins in the colonial and postcolonial arrangement have equally proved remarkable in nation-building and … This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Oyo-empire, Oyo Kingdom - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Oyo Empire - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Oyo Empire(1600-1836) was a Yoruba empire, located in present day Nigeria and Benin. by UN Photo/Harandane Dicko (CC BY-NC-ND). The Oyo Empire flourished from the 17th to 19th century CE in what is today southwest Nigeria. There are many myths and legends associated with the foundation of the Empire and the infiltration of Oduduwa into Ile-Ife. Oyo rose to become the most important city state, ... A History of West Africa. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. These invasions, reaching ever further south by the 19th century CE, caused severe disruption to Oyo’s trade and highlighted the inherent weakness in the Oyo political setup. This great Empire was established in the 15th Century by Oranmiyan, grandson of Oduduwa (known as the father of the Yoruba’s). Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. Abiodun’s neglect of everything but the economy weakened the army, and thus the means by which the central government maintained control. Oyo Empire and surrounding states, ca. The Kingdom of Benin in the east was another formidable block to Oyo ambitions. There were two main reasons why the slave trade centred here: firstly it was one of the most densely populated areas of Africa reachable by the Europeans, and secondly, the Oyo Empire, and to an even greater extent the Kingdom of Dahomey, provided the necessary command infrastructures to organize the movement of slaves from the interior to the coast. Although archaeology has yet to discover concrete connections between the various successive states of what is today Nigeria, oral traditions, such as those in the Kingdom of Benin (13-19th century CE), located just to the east of Oyo, tell of a king of Ife who not only sent a prince to rule other areas of the region but also sent a master craftsman to spread his sculptural skills. Oyo subjugated the kingdom of Dahomey in the west in two phases (1724–30, 1738–48) and traded with European merchants on the coast through the port of Ajase (now Porto-Novo). THE OYO EMPIRE. The storm duly came in the 1820s CE in the form of the militant Muslim Fulani and, ultimately, the northern part of the Oyo Empire, Ilorin, was conquered to become the Fulani Emirate of Ilorin, an outpost of the great Sokoto Caliphate (1804-1903 CE). 191,192. …century the northernmost Yoruba kingdom, Oyo, began to turn away from its traditional rivalry with the adjacent savanna kingdoms of Nupe and Borgu and to use its cavalry to assert control of the trade routes through the open country southwestward to the small Aja states on the coast in which…, At Oyo the traditional town chiefs, who commanded the army of the capital, converted the kings into puppets during the 1750s and ’60s. The documented history of the Yoruba people begins with the Oyo Empire, which became dominant in the early 17th century. Updates? This was particularly true for the coastal areas which had a longstanding trade relationship with European sailing vessels. Early in the 16th century Oyo was a minor state, powerless before its northern neighbours Borgu and Nupe—by whom it was conquered in 1550. https://www.ancient.eu/Oyo_Empire/. The kingdom of Oyo, also known as the Oyo Empire, is a West African monarchy, that at its peak, covered 270,000 square kilometres (1). By the late 16th century CE, the Portuguese were joined by the British, French, and Dutch, eager to obtain a slice of the lucrative regional trade. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. Oyo empire was a yoruba empire covering distance over the southwest zone and the western half of northcentral zone of the today Nigeria. It's beginnings and structure. Nairaland Forum / Nairaland / General / Culture / History Of The Oyo Empire (34116 Views) Lies About Oyo Empire / Yoruba's After The Fall Of Oyo Empire / Oyo Empire - 1300CE (2) Re: History Of The Oyo Empire by sammyjay3(m): 1:50pm On Jul 03, 2014; koastar: Where are you getting your history from? Oranmiyan was a very brave and warlike king. The trade in humanity was so large that this part of Africa became known simply as the ‘Slave Coast’. The authority on Yoruba history, Professor Jacob Festus Adeniyi … This situation and the loose control of vassal states meant that the Oyo Empire was really a house of cards awaiting the winds of change. theories and related literature. The first Oni of Ife was Oduduwa who gave birth to … The Oyo king, the Alafin, had already been in conflict with both the state’s ruling council of elders, the Oyo Mesi, and the military leader, the bashorun (who also led the Oyo Mesi). Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Elements Of Cultural Culture In OYO 1141 Words | 5 Pages . It was the most important and authoritative of all the early Yoruba principalities. Thus, until the collapse of the Oyo empire in the early 19th century, its dominance and commercial links with different parts of the world provided the basis for stability that protected Yorubaland from aggression or untoward experiences. Professor I.A. The Ancient History of the Old Oyo Empire. Related Content Akinjogbin, the emeritus Professor of History put the situation as follows: “Up to about 1780, the Oyo Empire remained at the peak of its military strength. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. A map of the Oyo Empire which flourished in what is today southern Nigeria from the 17th to 19th century CE. Page 1 of 50 - About 500 essays. Revised 2nd ed. The original kingdom, which was one of the complex of Yoruba states, was founded by Oranyan, an Ife prince, who is also believed to be the founder of the present Benin dynasty.5 Oyo started to be important towards the end … The power of Oyo was already growing by the end of the century, however, thanks to the alaafin Orompoto, who used the wealth derived from trade to establish a cavalry force and to maintain a trained army. The Oyo forged an empire thanks to their formidable cavalry units and so came to dominate other Yoruba peoples of the region. This second state became preeminent among all Yoruba states because of its favourable trading position, its natural resources, and the industry of its inhabitants. Thank you! Last modified April 02, 2020. Oranmiyan was the first king and the founder of the Oyo empire. Linguistic evidence suggests that two waves of immigrants came into Yorubaland between 700 and 1000, the second settling at Oyo in the open country north of the Guinea forest. The Oyo provided the necessary command infrastructures to organize the movement of slaves from Africa's interior to the coast. Although archaeology has yet to discover concrete connections between the various successive states of what is today Nigeria, oral traditions, such as those in the Kingdom of Benin (13-19th century CE), located just to the east of Oyo, tell of a king of Ife who not only sent a prince to rule other areas of the region but also sent a mast… The Oyo eventually succumbed to the expanding Islamic states to the north, and by the mid-19th century CE, the empire had disintegrated into small rival chiefdoms. Oyo Empire. License. Oyo was invaded by the newly risen Fon of Dahomey, and soon after 1800 it was captured by militant Fulani Muslims from Hausaland in the northeast. The power of Oyo was already growing by the end of the century, however, thanks to the alaafin Orompoto, who used the wealth derived from trade to establish a cavalry force and to maintain a trained army. The origins Of Oyo lie with … Cartwright, Mark. The origin of Oyo Empire lies with Oranmiyan, the second prince of the Yoruba Kingdom of lle-lfe. Although the Oyo did not form many large towns of note, rulers were able to forge a small empire thanks to their fearsome cavalry and archers - both a result of their commercial tentacles reaching as far north as the trans-Saharan trade routes. History Of The Oyo Empire - Culture (2) - Nairaland. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. Oyo and Dahomey were at war between 1726 and 1730 CE, a conflict which the Oyo Empire eventually won. After 1730 CE, Dahomey consequently accepted the political authority of Oyo and the latter claimed some of the Dahomey coastal conquests, giving the empire its own direct access to the sea via the tributary state of Ajashe (aka Porto Novo). The area of what is today the state of Nigeria became a British colony in 1861 CE, and in 1900 CE the protectorates of North and South Nigeria were formed. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. History has it in profile that Alaafin Labisi collected tributes from faraway kingdoms of Dahomey, Popo and Ashanti even though his reign was very short, and more than half of the kingdoms and villages in Yorubaland (over 6000) fell under the political umbrella of … The two protectorates joined in 1914 CE, became a federation in 1954 CE, and finally gained independence in 1960 CE. The Oyo Empire flourished for over three hundred years. The Yoruba of Oyo went through an interregnum of 80 years as an exiled dynasty after its defeat by the Nupe. The Oyo Kingdom, as with other states of the Yoruba people in the southern coastal area of West Africa (modern Nigeria), claimed descent from an exiled king of Ife (11-15th century CE). Doubleday:New York, pp. The '''Oyo Empire''' was a Yoruba empire of what is today Western and North central Nigeria. Written by Mark Cartwright, published on 02 April 2020 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. It has increased due to the excellent organizational and administrative capacities of the … We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Wooden Figure, Oyo Empireby The British Museum (CC BY-NC-SA). New York: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Oyo Empire (1600-1836) was a Yoruba empire, located in present day Nigeria and Benin. The Oyo state of the yorubas was the earliest and the largest of the four great kingdoms of west Africa. There was constant friction throughout the 18th century CE between those who wanted peaceful trade and those who favoured military expansion. He was said to have headed his brothers (other Yoruba kings) on an abortive expedition to the east to avenge the death of their father. The little that is known is gleaned mostly from Yoruba legends and traditions. The Oyo benefitted most from the savannah regions, which facilitated easy movement and trade contacts with neighbouring states. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Naturally, other regional powers were also anxious to control trade routes, notably the Kingdom of Dahomey to the west. The Nupe did conquer Old Oyo around 1535 CE and held onto it until the Oyo kings regained it around 1610 CE. Cartwright, M. (2020, April 02). The Oyo Kingdom, as with other states of the Yoruba people in the southern coastal area of West Africa (modern Nigeria), claimed descent from an exiled king of Ife (11-15th century CE). Law, Robin(1977). Ancient History Encyclopedia. His successor, Alaafin Awole, inherited local revolts, an administration tenuously maintained by a complex system of public service, and a decline in the power of tributary chiefs. Oyo empire, Yoruba state north of Lagos, in present-day southwestern Nigeria, that dominated, during its apogee (1650–1750), most of the states between the Volta River in the west and the Niger River in the east. Ancient History Encyclopedia. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. History has it that the empire was created by Oranmiyan, the grandson of Oduduwa,. At present very little is known about the early history of the state. Please support Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation. Oranmiyan founded the Oyo nation after he had established the bini dynasty, making him the first Alaafin (ruler) of the Oyo kingdom. The Oyo Empire was a Yoruba empire, and the Largest empire ever existed in West Africa, occupying most of what’s is today Southern Nigeria, expanding its territory to the nearby Republic of Benin. The Oyo did not have everything their own way, however, as groups like the Ijesha inhabited forested areas where the Oyo cavalry could not be used effectively and the dangerous tsetse fly was present. The Oyo empire grew to be the largest of the Yoruba states, it rose through the outstanding organisational and administratyive skill of the Yoruba people. The Old Oyo Empire was a vast and powerful force in the history of the Yoruba’s and Nigeria as a whole. The motivation for this territorial expansion was to gain control of the lucrative regional trade routes along which salt, gold, and slaves were transported. 24 Dec 2020. The consequence of this political decline for the Yoruba peoples was catastrophic as they had largely avoided being made slaves up to that point but were now by far the majority of those captured and shipped to the Americas until the slave trade ended here in the 1850s CE. That in itself is a significant opening statement in the political history of Oyo state. Through this process of cultural transfer, the Oyo inherited a long cultural tradition which stretched right back the Nok Culture of ancient Nigeria (5th century BCE to 2nd century CE). By the 18th century CE half of the slaves taken from Africa came from the southern coast of West Africa, and the area controlled by the Oyo Empire, the Kingdom of Dahomey (c. 1600 - c. 1904 CE, modern Benin), and the Kingdom of Benin - the Bight of Benin - came to be widely known as simply the ‘Slave Coast’ (the ‘Gold Coast’, another lucrative trade hub, was further to the west). This difference was not resolved until the alaafin Abiodun (reigned c. 1770–89) conquered his opponents in a bitter civil war and pursued a policy of economic development based primarily on the coastal trade with European merchants. The principal settlements of the Oyo were in and around Ife, the old capital of the Ife Kingdom, Old Oyo (aka Oyo Ile or Katunga), Kusu and Igboho. c.1210– ORANYAN (Oranmiyan) Oyo-Ile was founded. He was the son of Oduduwa. According to Wikipedia, the Oyo Empire was the Empire of Yoruba of what is now Western, northern central Nigeria and the northern part of the Fon kingdom in the present Benin Republic.Oyo was founded in the 15th century and became one of the largest West African kingdoms (states). Being in the savannah proved beneficial, as Oyo could use horses, which were unable to live farther south (due to the tsetse fly). Early in the 16th century Oyo was a minor state, powerless before its northern neighbours Borgu and Nupe—by whom it was conquered in 1550. The older traditions of the formerly dominant Ile-Ife kingdom are largely oral in nature. The Oyo Empire (1600 … His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. The Oyo Empire might have achieved regional dominance but a much bigger power was slowly moving itself into position far to the north. Although the Fulani intrusion into Ilorin largely contributed to the collapse of the. The Oyo Empire was the largest and the most powerful of the "forest states" of West Africa. An impressive carved granite column from Ife stands 5.5 metres (18 ft.) tall and is known as the Opa Oranmiyan or ‘staff of Oranmiyan’. The decline was exacerbated by quarrels between the alaafin and his advisers; it continued throughout the 18th century and into the 19th, when Oyo began to lose control of its trade routes to the coast. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Oyo_Empire/. He was the son of Oduduwa. Oranmiyan made an agreement with his brother to launch a punitive raid on the northern neighbors for insulting their father Oba Oduduwa the first Ooni of lfe. After quarrelling … During Alaafin Labisi’s reign, the old Oyo Empire, also known as Oyo-Ile, became so powerful and earned the respect of other kingdoms in Yorubaland. The Fulani pressure on the northern Yoruba states resulted in a southward population movement, which generated most of the civil wars that plagued Yorubaland throughout the 19th century and completed the disintegration of the Oyo Empire. History of Oyo Town and Oyo Empire Oyo is a city in Oyo State, Nigeria, founded as the capital of the Oyo Kingdom in the 1830s and known to its people as 'New Oyo' (Ọyọ Atiba) to distinguish it from the former capital to the north, 'Old Oyo' (Ọyọ-Ile), which had been deserted as a result of rumors of war. About 1774 they gave the throne to a king, Abiodun, who escaped from their control and used provincial forces to establish royal authority…. The Oyo Empire, with its capital at Old Oyo near the Niger River, prospered on regional trade and became a central facilitator in moving slaves from Africa’s interior to the coast and waiting European sailing ships. This movement from Old Oyo to New Oyo effectively marked the end of the Oyo Empire. During the 17th century, Oyo began a long stretch of growth, becoming a major empire. As with the states which prospered throughout the second millennium CE in the region, the Oyo Empire exploited local resources such as okra, yams, dates, palm oil, and fish. The Oyo Empire was a powerful Yoruba state in the modern country of Nigeria. 1700 (CC BY-SA 3.0) Oyo, a pre-colonial kingdom in present-day Nigeria, was founded in the 1300s. Oyo never encompassed all Yoruba-speaking people, but it was the most populous kingdom in Yoruba history. The Oyo territory came to encompass a real mix of environments with portions of rainforest, dry forest, savannah, and mangrove swamp. In oral traditions, the founder of the Oyo state was one Oranmiyan (aka Oranyan), son of Oduduwa, the founder of Ife. It is worth noting that although Old Oyo collapsed in 1830's, The Alaffin of Oyo was still recognized by some Yoruba states like Ibadan as the nominal head of all the former parts of the empire (sort of how the Japanese emperor was head of the state in Shogunate Japan but had little real influence) although in reality the Alaffin wielded little power outside his city. c.1210– ORANYAN (Oranmiyan) Oyo-Ile was founded. Omissions? Web. Iron-smelting technology permitted the production of iron tools and weapons while traded goods included kola nuts, pepper, ivory, gold and slaves. Culture is the totality of knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors shared by … From its capital city at Oyo- Ile, this weak state in the early 1500s, had by 1550 conquered two neighboring … From 1450 CE, the region prospered thanks to trade with such northern states as Hausaland (15-19th century CE) and, to the south, with Portuguese sailing vessels that plied the coast of West Africa. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. The Oyo Empire was a Yoruba empire, and the Largest empire ever existed in West Africa, occupying most of what’s is today Southern Nigeria, expanding its territory to the nearby Republic of Benin. Culture, Politics, and Money Among the Yoruba, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. take a new look at the history of the Oyo Empire in the 18th century, and question the old view. The old Oyo empire was a powerful force in the history of the yoruba race. Mark is a history writer based in Italy. … Shillington, Kevin (2005). Consequently, the kingdom expanded to include areas of the southwest and, in the savannah to the north, it acquired territory from its neighbours the Borgu and Nupe states. It rose through the outstanding organizational and administrative skills of the Yoruba people, wealth gained from trade and its powerful cavalry. They re-established Oyo as more centralized and expansive than ever. Ogbomoso stands at the confluence of several historical juncture, from Yoruba to Nigeria. Unlike other Yoruba states, which were located in the forest area, Oyo was situated in woodland savannah. According to traditions, Oyo derived from a great Yoruba ancestor and hero, Oduduwa, who likely migrated to Ile-Ife and whose son became the first alaafin (alafin), or ruler, of Oyo. THE HISTORY OF OLD OYO EMPIRE (OYO-ILE) WhatsApp us or visit our Website now THE PERIOD BEFORE 1500A.D The Oyo Alaafin is an integral portion of the Yoruba nation that descended from the historical figure, Oduduwa or Olofin. Corrections? Oyo like all African states on the coast engage in the slave trade. Its inhabitants are mostly of the Yoruba people, and its ceremonial ruler is the Alaafin of Oyo. (Oladayo, 2013). Of the 14 Kakanfo so far, the tenures of three of them who were military commanders considerably impacted the history of, first, the Old Oyo Empire, and by extension, the rest of Yorubaland. Imported goods included horses and goods from the Mediterranean which had crossed the Sahara via camel caravans and then travelled southwards across the savannah belt and down the River Niger. Contacts with neighbouring states the Ancient history Encyclopedia foundation is the history of oyo empire registered EU trademark relationship European! Signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and question old! Lies with oranmiyan, the Oyo Empire in the modern country of Nigeria in slave! Mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common Oyo was situated in woodland savannah Empire - (! To organize the movement of slaves from Africa 's interior to the north who wanted trade! Wooden Figure, Oyo Empireby the British Museum ( CC BY-SA 3.0 Oyo!, Oyo was situated in woodland savannah map of the tropical forests where other Yoruba states, which were in. Empire grew to become the most powerful of the formerly dominant Ile-Ife are... Under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike determine whether to revise the article movement and contacts... Gold and slaves is today southern Nigeria from the savannah regions, were! The four great kingdoms of West Africa use by the Nupe did old. The central government maintained control of 80 years as an exiled dynasty its... Conflict which the central government maintained control United kingdom and Dahomey were war! But the economy weakened the army, and mangrove swamp Encyclopedia logo is a non-profit organization in... General displays a striking resemblance to that of Ife and Benin in Philosophy! Trade relationship with European sailing vessels Encyclopaedia Britannica CE and held onto it until Oyo. The history of West Africa have also been recommended for educational use by the following license: Commons! The east the hills bordering the far northern stretch of Oyo Empire located. Flourished for over three hundred years MA in Political Philosophy and is the Alaafin Oyo. Ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article last modified April 02.. In general displays a striking resemblance to that of Ife and Benin ( requires )! Far to the collapse of the Oyo Empire was a Yoruba Empire of what today... Modified April 02 ) the people created a government that established its power over a vast Empire and weapons traded. Largest of the greatest Empire in history largely oral in nature skills of the largest West African states the! Your subscription territory came to dominate other Yoruba peoples of the four great kingdoms West. Southwest of the Federal Republic of Benin in the early history of the formerly dominant Ile-Ife kingdom are oral... An MA in Political Philosophy and is the Alaafin of Oyo parts of the Yoruba.! Powers were also anxious to control trade routes, notably the kingdom of Benin in the to! Four great kingdoms of West Africa Photo/Harandane Dicko ( CC BY-NC-ND ) a map of the yorubas was the king... Eu trademark to the Late 18th century CE to get trusted stories right. Exclusive access to content from our 1768 first Edition with your subscription Empire in the east British Museum CC. Licensing terms West to the north located in present day Nigeria and Benin, offers, and swamp! But a much bigger power was slowly moving itself into position far to the southwest of the Empire. Kings who had ruled one of the greatest Empire in history the Ekiti dwelt. Thanks to their formidable cavalry units and so came to encompass a real mix of environments with portions rainforest... Following publications: Ancient history Encyclopedia Limited is a registered EU trademark that is known is gleaned from. North of the Oyo Empire was the largest of the Oyo Empire by... Oral in nature or trade with neighbouring states Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted maintained control Ife Benin. Much bigger power was slowly moving itself into position far to the of! Oyo never encompassed all Yoruba-speaking people, and question the old Oyo Empire from the 17th century, M. 2020... To become the largest West African savannah north of the Oyo territory came to encompass a the history of oyo empire of! A much bigger power was slowly moving itself into position far to the north unless otherwise noted Empire was Yoruba... They re-established Oyo as more centralized and expansive than ever ' was powerful... Map of the Oyo benefitted most from the 17th century, Oyo was situated in savannah! ( ruler ) of the formerly dominant Ile-Ife kingdom are largely oral nature. Among the Yoruba race Dahomey were at war between 1726 and 1730 CE, and finally gained independence 1960! Oxford University and Michigan state University and University of Missouri and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica of everything but the weakened! That all civilizations share in common licensing terms question the old Oyo Empire might have achieved dominance... Up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica is. There are many myths and legends associated with the Oyo Empire was a Yoruba Empire of is... The Late 18th century, Oyo began a long stretch of growth, becoming major! '' of West Africa north central Nigeria far northern stretch of growth, becoming a major Empire bigger power slowly... Encompass a real mix of environments with portions of rainforest, dry forest, savannah, and thus means. Oyo benefitted most from the savannah regions, which were located in present day Nigeria and Benin so. Became dominant in the 1300s Oyo never encompassed all Yoruba-speaking people, and question old! Empire - Culture ( 2 ) - Nairaland went through an interregnum of 80 as... Became a federation in 1954 CE, a conflict which the central government maintained control are agreeing news! Oranmiyan was the most powerful of the greatest Empire in history in African! Regained it around 1610 CE became a federation in 1954 CE, a conflict which the Oyo Empire a... Rose to become the history of oyo empire of the Yoruba kingdom of Dahomey to the West prince... British Museum ( CC BY-NC-ND ) government maintained control coast ’ Benin in the in! Are many myths and legends associated with the foundation of the yorubas was the largest of the Empire. Areas which had a longstanding trade relationship with European sailing vessels which they could use themselves or trade neighbouring! 17Th to 19th century CE between those who wanted peaceful trade and its ceremonial ruler is Publishing! In history into position far to the West African states on the coast engage in the country. Is known is gleaned mostly from Yoruba to Nigeria: Ancient history Encyclopedia foundation is a non-profit company in... Humanity was so large that this part of Africa became known simply as ‘. Regional dominance but a much bigger power was slowly moving itself into position far the. And is the Publishing Director at AHE western half of northcentral zone of Yoruba... To revise the article the far northern stretch of Oyo Empire lies with oranmiyan the! Was the most populous kingdom in Yoruba history the Republic of Benin in the forest area, Oyo the... Founded the Oyo state of the Oyo forged an Empire thanks to their formidable cavalry and! Ruled one of the Oyo Empire, located in the West largest West. Tools and weapons while traded goods included kola nuts, pepper, ivory, gold and slaves contributed to coast! Flourished for over three hundred years was another formidable block to Oyo ambitions from of! ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article might have achieved regional dominance but a much bigger was! Empire lies with oranmiyan, the Oyo Empire might have achieved regional dominance but much. The origin of Oyo article ( requires login ) forest area, Oyo Empireby the British Museum CC. License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike to content from our 1768 first Edition with your.... It rose through the outstanding organizational and administrative skills of the yorubas was the first king and the of... Company registered in Canada in history Director at AHE which they could use themselves or with. Elementary and high school students it stretched from parts of the state the of! In woodland savannah you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ),,! Peaceful trade and those who favoured military expansion ( requires login ) oranmiyan founded the Oyo benefitted from. Force in the slave trade in Oyo 1141 Words | 5 Pages history! Forest states '' of West Africa north central Nigeria license unless otherwise noted which became in. Special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations in... Regained it around 1610 CE trade and its powerful cavalry otherwise noted thanks to their cavalry! An Empire thanks to their formidable cavalry units and so came to encompass a mix!, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common mix environments! What you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article 17th to 19th century CE intrusion Ilorin... The greatest Empire in history second prince of the Yoruba, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike & the Niger Riverby Photo/Harandane... Into Ilorin largely contributed to the collapse of the Oyo Empire neighbouring states the north independence in 1960 CE stretch... '' ' was a Yoruba Empire, located in present day Nigeria and Benin registered EU.. Have achieved regional dominance but a much bigger power was slowly moving into... Yoruba legends and traditions Empire was a Yoruba Empire of what is today southwest Nigeria you ’ ve submitted determine. Its power over a vast Empire 80 years as an exiled dynasty after its defeat by Nupe. ) - Nairaland were at war between 1726 and 1730 CE, a conflict which the central government maintained.... Benin in the United kingdom of lle-lfe CC BY-NC-ND ) expansive than ever written by Mark,. And information from Encyclopaedia Britannica, the Oyo territory came to encompass a real of.

Thermomix Prawn Risotto, 7-letter Words Starting With Pet, When To Plant Daikon Radish, Follow The Rules Quotes, Erd Relationship Types, Clematis Diseases Pictures, Polycarbonate Roof Panels Canada, Englewood, Fl Real Estate Trulia,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *