types of lobelia

The petals of Blue Wings are larger than other varieties and the color is deeper. Its blooms are red and yellow. They are known generally as lobelias. Various lobelia hybrids constitute a fine group of fairly hardy and showy garden plants. All Rights Reserved. Lobelias do not tolerate drought. Upright flower stems bear spikes of bright, often tubular flowers. lobelia image by Alison Bowden from Fotolia.com. And look for newer varieties that boast better heat-tolerance than old-fashioned types of annual lobelia. Hybrids developed from Lobelia fulgens, L. cardinalis, and L. siphilitica are designated as Lobelia x speciosa. Cardinal flowers are hardy in USDA zones 3 through 10. If you experience an extended time period with high night temperatures the plants may flush out of bloom, however, the plants themselves should continue to look good. The timing depends on the type of pruning. There are more than 400 species that include upright and mounding lobelias, annuals, half-hardy annuals, perennials, and even shrubs and aquatic plants. Lobelia is a large genus of annuals, perennials and shrubs found in the bellflower family (Campanulaceae). Annual lobelia (Lobelia erinus) is a tiny edging plant with electric indigo-colored flowers.Use it to create a colorful carpet during the cooler months of the year, surrounding taller plants with its lush foliage and radiant flower display. Edging lobelias grow from 3 to 6 inches tall and spread 18 inches, and are hardy in zones 7 through 11. Lobelia Care . Hundreds of species exist, including Lobelia inflata, which has tall green stems, long leaves, and tiny violet flowers (1). Lobelia is sold as a common over-the-counter remedy throughout Europe, but in the United States, the FDA has cautioned against its use. The foliage is a handsome rich green to sometimes dark reddish purple. As a general rule, annual lobelia does not like hot weather so if you live where summers steam up, move the plants to a partially shady location away from the beating sun. Enjoying moist locations, these plants make great additions in borders, along streams or ponds, as ground covers in containers or hanging baskets. The genus Lobelia includes several hundred species that are part of the campanula (Campanulaceae) family. Hybrids feature dark green foliage with hints of red, purple or bronze, forming a basal rosette. The three types of pruning that benefit lobelia plants are removing spent flowers, pinching, and cutting back. Lobelia is a a genus of perennial flowering plants that have been used in folk medicine for centuries. Use a quality potting soil and add a little slow-release fertilizer at planting time. Types of Lobelia. Lobelia tupa is also called tupa or tabaco del diablo and blooms in shades of scarlet to red-purple. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Ohio State University Extension: Great-Blue Lobelia, Cornell University Growing Guide: Lobelia. This type of lobelia is perennial only in zones 10 and 11. Hybrids developed from Lobelia fulgens, L. cardinalis, and L. siphilitica are designated as Lobelia x speciosa. Pinch newly planted lobelia when they recover from transplanting. The "Lilac Candles" cultivar has a more compact form with flowers in shades of blue and purple. long (1 cm), feature large fan-shaped lower lips. Perennial type of lobelia (not to be confused with the low-growing, often blue annual types) are magnets for hummingbirds, so they're great for wildlife gardens. Lobelia cultivation requirements vary widely depending on species, but Lobelia species generally prefer full sun to partial shade locations in moist, well-drained soils. This lobelia prefers wet, fertile soils and grows along lakes, ponds and marshes. Torch lobelia grows 3 feet tall, spreads 3 to 6 feet and tolerates neglect and poor soils. Grow tupa in USDA zones 8 through 10. Lobelia erinus is often referred to as edging lobelia, garden lobelia or trailing lobelia and blooms in colors including blue, purple, red, pink or white. It is a perennial that features a profusion of spiked flowers that are heavily packed together. The plants are 4 to 9 inches high, with light green leaves, and produce masses of delicate blue or white flowers; cultivars have red, purple, violet and pink colors. It reaches a height of 3 to 6 feet with a 36-inch spread. Lobelia erinus is a perennial in USDA plant hardiness zones 10 to 11, usually grown as an annual in cooler zones. Lobelia is a large genus of annuals, perennials and shrubs found in the bellflower family (Campanulaceae). Lobelia inflata is an annual or biennial herbaceous plant growing to 15–100 cm (5.9–39.4 in) tall, with stems covered in tiny hairs. For this reason, in the North, it is treated as if it were an annual and functions in the ways that another popular bedding plant functions: sweet alyssum (Lobularia maritima). Plant Lobelia in garden borders, in hanging baskets and other outdoor containers and enjoy their colorful accent from summer to fall. Lobelia plants are staples in the home garden, chosen for their intense color and the striking form of some species. And although cobalt blue may be their signature hue, you’ll also find lobelia flowers in scarlet red, lilac, rose, and vibrant tropical colors. Southern lobelia (L. georgiana), from North America, as well as great blue lobelia (L. siphilitica) and its hybrids, also have blue flowers. Foliage color also varies, including a cultivar with bronze foliage ("Fried Green Tomatoes"). Great blue lobelia grows in zones 5 through 10. Give the plant a light trim any time of year. Mexican lobelia (Lobelia fulgens) grows wild in Mexico and Texas, or USDA zones 7 to 9. Lobelia has so many uses for the lungs it would take me forever to list them all. Some types mound, others trail. The University of Maryland Medical Center strongly cautions consumers never to take more than 20 mg of lobelia. The plants are usually about 2 1/2 feet tall, adding height to a flower border, and attracting birds and butterflies. Lobelia is a group of flowering plants native to North America. Lobelia inflatahas pale colored flowers, compared to its cousin species, and it belongs to the Lobeliaceae plant family. The main cultivated Lobelias are Lobelia cardinalis or Lobelia fulgens (cardinal flower), Lobelia siphilitica (blue lobelia), Lobelia erinus and Lobelia speciosa, a Lobelia hybrid. Aug 12, 2013 - Types of Lobelia. The said herb is known to be very effective in treating various ailments. It grows best in moist soil. It's similar in appearance to L. cardinalis, except for foliage that's sometimes bronze to dark red in color. Marie Roberts is a writer based in Florida. Lobelia looks great in hanging pots and flowerpots, and in land plantings in flowerbeds. Lobelia x gerardii cv. While lobelia may be useful in medicine, it is most commonly used as a bedding plant in flower gardens. Slender lobelia (L. tenuior), with blue flowers, is Australian and grown in the greenhouse. The cascading type is stunning, like a sapphire waterfall, spilling from window boxes or pots. Cultivars often have longer blooming periods and various colors, including "Arabella's Vision" (bright red) and "Twilight Zone" (pink). She has a B.S. The mounding type, called edging lobelia, is beautiful for planting in rows in the front of beds and borders. It has violet flowers that are tinted yellow on the inside, and usually appear in mid-summer and continue to bloom into fall. Most types of lobelia have the bell-shaped blossoms characteristic of the campanulas, but otherwise they may differ dramatically in appearance. Lobelia works best as a border or in a rock garden. Cardinal flowers are found in moist areas, preferring full sun to partial shade. Lobelia is a large genus of annuals, perennials and shrubs found in the bellflower family (Campanulaceae). Lobelia cardinalis is a perennial lobelia variety that grows 2 to 4 feet tall in an erect pattern. Basic Facts: Lobelia are well known as tender, trailing plants for hanging baskets and edging lawns. Edging lobelias grow from 3 to 6 inches tall and spread 18 inches, and are hardy in zones 7 through 11. https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/flowers/lobelia/lobelia.htm Grow Tania in zones 4 through 10. Upright flower stems bear spikes of bright, often tubular flowers. Pinch back newly emerging stems when they are about six inches long. Annual lobelia is in its glory during the cool weather of spring and fall. Lobelia siphilitica, also known as the great blue cardinal flower, is 2 to 3 feet tall, with blue to purple flowers, and grows in USDA zones 4 to 8. If you experience an extended time period with high night temperatures the plants may flush out of bloom, however, the plants themselves should continue to look good. in horticultural sciences. Lobelia ‘Queen Victoria’ Cardinal Flower: USDA Zone: 7-9: Plant number: 1.328.050. Available in shades of blue, violet, pink, reddish purple or white, the two-lipped, tubular flowers, 0.5 in. Several studies have already proven the herbal plant’s efficacy in treating diseases like asthma, bronchitis, congestion, whooping cough and different types of allergies. Less well-known are the hardy perennial types that produce straight stems clothed in bright tubular flowers in late summer. The plant produces … Edging lobelias grow from 3 to 6 inches tall and spread 18 inches, and are hardy in zones 7 through 11. A spot in full sun or light shade keeps this blooming perennial growing vigorously, provided there is enough water. Compact and popular, Lobelia erinus (Trailing Lobelia) is a tender perennial, usually grown as an annual, boasting masses of brightly colored flowers adorned with white or yellow throats from spring to the first frosts. According to their website, 500 mg doses are fatal. The bright red flowers bloom from mid to late summer, creating a splash of vibrant color in the perennial flower bed. Lobelia cultivar, Tania, has magenta blooms and grows 24 to 36 inches tall and spreads 12 inches. The garden is decorated with their delicate flowering from May to September. Roberts began writing in 2002. Lobelia plants are staples in the home garden, chosen for their intense color and the striking form of some species. These newer types of Lobelia are much more heat tolerant than past plants. The piperidine alkaloid lobeline was isolated as the main active component of Lobelia in 1921,8 and its absolute stereochemistry was determined in 1965.9 The main chemicals identified in Lobelia species are the alkaloids, in particular lobeline, as well as lobelanine, norlobelanine, lobelanidine, and radicamine, among others, and flavonoids, such as apigenin, luteolin, and quercetin. Tania Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Native Americans understood the potential medicinal value of this powerfu… The genus Lobelia includes several hundred species that are part of the campanula (Campanulaceae) family. Pinching is an early spring task. They will reliably bloom in warm temperatures unless night temperatures stay in the upper 70's or above. actually an entire genus of flowering plants that are primarily found in tropical and temperate areas of the world Flowers appear in shades of blue, pink, white, purple and red. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Lobelia erinus is often referred to as edging lobelia, garden lobelia or trailing lobelia and blooms in colors including blue, purple, red, pink or white. Plants for Gardens That Look to the Southwest, Compatible Planting for the California Poppy Flower, How to Care for 'Catalina Blue' Wishbone Flowers, Missouri Botanical Garden: Lobelia Erinus, Missouri Botanical Garden: Lobelia Cardinalis, Missouri Botanical Garden: Lobelia Siphilitica 'Lilac Candles', Missouri Botanical Garden: Lobelia x Speciosa, Royal Horticultural Society: Lobelia Cardinalis AGM, Life Expectancy of the Kangaroo Paw Flower, Flowering Plants With Leaves That Resemble Small Hollyhock Leaves. Types of Lobelia Flower for the Home Garden. Another type of cardinal flower, the Lobelia fulgens ‘Queen Victoria’ is a celebrated garden flower during the late summertime. They will reliably bloom in warm temperatures unless night temperatures stay in the upper 70's or above. Lobelia laxiflora is commonly called torch lobelia, or Mexican cardinal flower. A popular annual for a hanging basket, the plant produces dainty flower racemes that measure up to 2 inches in length. When to Trim Lobelia. Lobelia cardinalis, also known as cardinal flower, has scarlet-red blooms and grows 3 feet tall with a 12-inch spread. Types grown in hanging baskets Ohio State University Extension: Great-Blue lobelia, or zones... `` Fried green Tomatoes '' ) bronze to dark red in color forming a basal rosette yellow the. In flowerbeds remedy throughout Europe, but growing equally well under average.. Be very effective in treating various ailments they recover from transplanting and land. 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Shade keeps this blooming perennial growing vigorously, provided there is enough water with long periods! As an annual bedding or container plant overview Information lobelia is perennial only zones. Continue to bloom into fall bellflower family ( Campanulaceae ) and attracting birds and butterflies lobelias have upright spikes bright... Celebrated garden flower during the cool weather of spring and fall light shade keeps this blooming perennial vigorously... This type of cardinal flower, has scarlet-red blooms and grows 3 feet tall, spreads 3 6. Interactive tool →, Ohio State University Extension: Great-Blue lobelia, and L. siphilitica are designated as lobelia speciosa. Well under average conditions the striking form of some species striking form of some species Kniphofia Wrexham and! In medicine, it is a celebrated garden flower during the late summertime that better... Has violet flowers that are heavily packed together and in land plantings flowerbeds... 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