list of cyclones in south asia

Tropical Cyclone Centers and their Regions (click to enlarge) (Image courtesy of the World Meteorological Organization) . In Chennai's Marina Beach, strong winds pushed piles of sand ashore and seawater reached nearly a 100 m (330 ft) inland. 'Tropical cyclone' is the general term for low-pressure atmospheric circulations in the tropics. University denies, says invite sent 20 days in advance, Kerala govt moves SC against HC order increasing number of pilgrims to Sabarimala temple, Priyanka Gandhi detained during protest against farm laws, Encounter breaks out in Jammu and Kashmir's Baramulla, Copyright © 2020 Living Media India Limited. The latest typhoon watches and warnings for the South Pacific Basin. The answer is 6, to see a further breakdown, look below! Recent Cyclone in India 2018, 2019 and 2020 In Bangladesh, authorities fear it will be the most powerful since cyclone Sidr devastated the country in 2007, killing about 3,500 people – mostly due to a deluge of sea water sweeping in. [2] However, PAGASA also names tropical cyclones that occur or develop into tropical depressions within their self-defined area of responsibility between 5°N–25°N and 115°E–135°E. [9] Names are generally assigned in order from predetermined lists, once they produce one, three, or ten-minute sustained wind speeds of more than 65 km/h (40 mph). ", "PAGASA replaces names of 2014 destructive typhoons", https://wpde.com/weather/abc-15-weather-authority-blog/humberto-lorenzo-how-are-hurricane-names-determined, "2020 hurricane season exhausts regular list of names", "List of names for tropical cyclones adopted by the ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee for the western North Pacific and the South China Sea (valid as of 2018): Names of tropical cyclones", "PAGASA replaces Tropical Cyclone "Lando" to "Liwayway, https://weather.com/en-IN/india/news/news/2020-04-30-imd-releases-new-list-cyclone-names-over-north-indian-ocean. For reprint rights: Syndications Today, Copyright © 2020 Living Media India Limited. Plus, it should not be "very rude and cruel" in nature and easy to pronounce. [6] In order to enable local authorities and their communities in taking action to reduce the impact of a tropical cyclone, the FMS reserves the right to name a system early if it has a high chance of being named. [5], Within the Australian region in the Southern Hemisphere between 90°E – 160°E, a tropical cyclone is named when observations or Dvorak intensity analysis indicate that a system has gale force or stronger winds near the center which are forecast to continue. [8], At present, tropical cyclones are officially named by one of eleven warning centers and retain their names throughout their lifetimes to facilitate the effective communication of forecasts and storm-related hazards to the general public. For the history of naming, see, Central North Pacific Ocean (140°W to 180°), The names Ambali through Jeruto were automatically removed from the naming lists during the, Indonesian Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics, Badan Meteorologi, Klimatologi, dan Geofisika, List of retired South Pacific cyclone names, Winter storm naming in the United Kingdom and Ireland, Regional Specialized Meteorological Center, 2019–20 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season, Regional Association IV (North America, Central America and the Caribbean) Hurricane Operational Plan 2020, Typhoon Committee Operational Manual Meteorological Component 2019, Tropical Cyclone Operational Plan for the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea: 2019, Tropical Cyclone Operational Plan for the South-West Indian Ocean: 2016, Tropical Cyclone Operational Plan for the South-East Indian Ocean and the Southern Pacific Ocean 2020, "NORMAS DA AUTORIDADE MARÍTIMA PARA AS ATIVIDADES DE METEOROLOGIA MARÍTIMA NORMAM-19 1a REVISÃO", "They Called the Wind Mahina: The History of Naming Cyclones", "Subject: Tropical Cyclone Names: B1) How are tropical cyclones named? Formal naming schemes and naming lists have subsequently been introduced and developed for the Eastern, Central, Western and Southern Pacific basins, as well as the Australian region, Atlantic Ocean and Indian Ocean. Below is the list: A man walks along a flooded street under heavy rains in Chennai as cyclone Nivar approaches the southeastern coast of the country on November 25, 2020.- AFP photo Several thousand people in south-eastern India fled their homes on Wednesday, out of the path of a cyclone due to slam coastal areas after midnight, bringing with it heavy rain. [5][6], Any member of the World Meteorological Organization's hurricane, typhoon and tropical cyclone committees can request that the name of a tropical cyclone be retired or withdrawn from the various tropical cyclone naming lists. Tropical cyclones and subtropical cyclones are named by various warning centers to simplify communication between forecasters and the general public regarding forecasts, watches, and warnings. Generally once storms produce sustained wind speeds of more than 33 knots (61 km/h; 38 mph), names are assigned in order from predetermined lists depending on which basin they originate. [4] Should a cyclonic storm move into the basin from the Western Pacific then it will keep its original name. [3][16] The four lists of names are rotated every four years, with the names of significant tropical cyclones retired should they have caused at least ₱1 billion in damage and or at least 300 deaths within the Philippines. [1] Four lists of Hawaiian names are maintained by the World Meteorological Organization's hurricane committee, rotating without regard to year, with the first name for a new year being the next name in sequence that was not used the previous year. There are six lists of names which rotate every six years and begin with the letters A—Z used, skipping Q and U, with each name alternating between a male or a female name. Since then the names of the tropical cyclones are assigned from the common list prepared by the member countries. [6] The Indonesian Badan Meteorologi, Klimatologi, dan Geofisika names systems that develop between the Equator and 10°S and 90°E and 141°E, while Papua New Guinea's National Weather Service names systems that develop between the Equator and 10°S and 141°E and 160°E. Pages in category "Tropical cyclones in Asia" This category contains only the following page. He said the process of naming the cyclone, which started in 2004, helps the scientific community, disaster managers, media and general masses identify each individual cyclone, create awareness of its development, remove confusion in case of simultaneous occurrence of tropical cyclones over a region. [5] These names are then replaced by the WMO's RA I Tropical Cyclone Committee, with names submitted by member nations. Cyclone Burevi weakens into deep depression, heavy rain in south India. According to the Press Information Bureau, the next few cyclones … It made landfall near Mahabalipuram on October 31 as a strong cyclonic storm with peak winds of 85 km/h (50 mph). [5] The names are taken from three pre-determined lists of names, which rotate on a triennial basis, with any names that have been used automatically removed. Cyclone Burevi is weakening into a deep depression over Gulf of Mannar close Ramanathapuram District in … [1] The names, and their pronunciation, come from English, French, and Spanish as these are the languages of the countries most likely to be impacted by North Atlantic storms. [3] Within the Southern Hemisphere, systems must be characterized by a significant amount of gale-force winds occurring around the center before they are named. The list of names to be used in the South‑West Indian Ocean area for identifying tropical (or subtropical) storms that will develop during the next seasons within the area bounded by Equator to 40°S west of 90°E to the east coast of Africa, has been validated by the Tropical Cyclone … May 19, 2020. [6], Within the Southern Pacific basin in the Southern Hemisphere between 160°E – 120°W, a tropical cyclone is named when observations or Dvorak intensity analysis indicate that a system has gale force or stronger winds near the centre which are forecast to continue. South-East Asia Tropical Cyclones News Monitoring. [6] Outside of these areas, the Australian Bureau of Meteorology names systems that develop into tropical cyclones. 19 May 2020 | 9:05 am Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Google+ … This could perhaps be in the Bay of Bengal as a low pressure area is expected to develop in the south Andaman Sea. [2] The names are used sequentially without regard to year and are taken from five lists of names that were prepared by the ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee, after each of the 14 members submitted 10 names in 1998. ... Cyclone Aila Kills 191 in South Asia. The season runs throughout the year, though most tropical cyclones typically develop between May and October. The next cyclone will be christened 'Amphan', a name proposed by Thailand, which is also the last in the 2004 list. The names are assigned in alphabetical order and used in rotating order without regard to year. [3][16] The names are taken from four different lists of 25 names and are assigned when a system moves into or develops into a tropical depression within PAGASA's jurisdiction. These have anticlockwise rotating winds in the northern hemisphere and clockwise rotating winds in the southern hemisphere. [5] If a disturbance reaches the naming stage between Africa and 55°E, then Météo Madagascar names it; if it reaches the naming stage between 55°E and 90°E, then the Mauritius Meteorological Service names it. [8] The credit for the first usage of personal names for weather systems is generally given to the Queensland Government Meteorologist Clement Wragge, who named systems between 1887 and 1907. [1][2][6] A name is retired or withdrawn if a consensus or majority of members agree that the system has acquired a special notoriety, such as causing a large number of deaths and amounts of damage, impact, or for other special reasons. Cyclones are most destructive in Bangladesh, a low-lying coastal region where high waves can swamp large parts of the country. In 2018, a new panel was set up to coordinate and decide names for future cyclones, Mrutunjay Mohapatra, the director general of the IMD, said. List of cyclone names in the Indian Ocean December 17, ... WMO (World Meteorological Department) asked each of the eight south Asian member countries to submit a list of their own eight names for the cyclones. [1] The names of significant tropical cyclones are retired from the lists, with a replacement name selected at the next Hurricane Committee meeting. Before the formal start of naming, tropical cyclones were often named after places, objects, or saints' feast days on which they occurred. [1][2][10] PAGASA also retires the names of significant tropical cyclones when they have caused at least ₱1 billion in damage or have caused at least 300 deaths. This article is about the current and future tropical cyclone lists. Most recent hurricane: Hurricane Sandy brought winds of 115 mph to eastern Cuba in 2012.Cuba has recorded 79 hurricane landfalls since recor… [4] However, if the system should weaken into a deep depression and subsequently reintensify after moving into the region then will be assigned a new name. [8] This system of naming weather systems subsequently fell into disuse for several years after Wragge retired until it was revived in the latter part of World War II for the Western Pacific. The first cyclone named by India was Agni, in 2004, and the last one was Vayu in 2019. The latest typhoon watches and warnings for the West Pacific Basin. Before then, only women's names were used. Severe tropical cyclones are responsible for large number of causalities and considerable damage to property and agricultural crop. A severe cyclone can cause widespread damage and kill thousands of people. [6] In order to enable local authorities and their communities in taking action to reduce the impact of a tropical cyclone, each of these warning centres reserve the right to name a system early if it has a high chance of being named. List of Atlantic hurricanes – directory for Atlantic tropical cyclones north of the equator . The next cyclone will be christened 'Amphan', a name proposed by Thailand, which is also the last in the 2004 list. As with the Atlantic basin, it uses alternating women's and men's names, and also includes some Spanish and a few French names. Cyclone Aila (May 25, 2009): Cyclone Aila hit offshore 15 districts of southwestern part of Bangladesh with wind speed of 120 km per hour. [9] This is especially important when multiple storms are occurring simultaneously in the same ocean basin. Typhoon tracking maps, current sea temperatures, and more. [5] Systems are named in conjunction with Météo-France Reunion by either Météo Madagascar or the Mauritius Meteorological Service. [3] This often results in tropical cyclones in the region having two names. [6] The names are assigned in alphabetical order and used in rotating order without regard to year. [16][17] Should the list of names for a given year be exhausted, names are taken from an auxiliary list, the first ten of which are published every year. Mass evacuations for major cyclone in South Asia. Cyclone Mahasen (May 16, 2013): Cyclone Mahasen hit near Chittagong with a wind speed of 85 km per hour. Hurricane season: June 1 - November 30, with most storms forming in September and OctoberStrongest hurricane: The 1924 Cuba Hurricane brought sustained winds of 165 mph to extreme west Cuba. Tens of thousands of people were evacuated from low-lying areas of the southeast Indian state of Tamil Nadu ahead of a cyclone expected to make landfall in the early hours of Thursday. [6], If a system intensifies into a tropical cyclone between the Equator – 10°S and 141°E – 160°E, then it will be named by Papua New Guinea National Weather Service (NWS, TCWC Port Moresby). The countries that get to name the cyclones are India, Pakistan, Oman, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Maldives, Sri … Low to moderate intensity tropical cyclones bring… Here is the list of strong tropical cyclones in India including Cyclone Thane, Cyclone Mora, Cyclone Megh, Cyclone Jal,Cyclone Roanu,Cyclone Lehar, Cyclone Nargis, Cyclone Mala and Cyclone Giri. [6] If a tropical cyclone causes loss of life or significant damage and disruption to the way of life of a community, then the name assigned to that cyclone is retired from the list of names for the region. Typhoon tracking maps, current sea temperatures, and more. [1][4][5] However, standards vary from basin to basin, with some systems named in the Western Pacific when they develop into tropical depressions or enter PAGASA's area of responsibility. [1], Tropical cyclones that occur within the Northern Hemisphere between the anti-meridian and 100°E are officially named by the Japan Meteorological Agency when they become tropical storms. [4] A fresh list of names has been prepared and will be used in alphabetical order for storms after Amphan. [5][19] This is defined as being when gales are either observed or estimated to be present near a significant portion of the system's center. [1] A replacement name is then submitted to the committee concerned and voted upon, but these names can be rejected and replaced with another name for various reasons: these reasons include the spelling and pronunciation of the name, the similarity to the name of a recent tropical cyclone or on another list of names, and the length of the name for modern communication channels such as social media. It caused death of 17 people. Cyclones begin in tropical regions, such as northern Australia, South-East Asia and many Pacific islands. Cyclones were usually not named. South Atlantic tropical cyclone – covers tropical cyclones in the Atlantic Ocean south of the equator Get by Email • RSS. However, standards vary from basin to basin: some tropical depressions are named in the Western Pacific, while tropical cyclones must have a significant amount of gale-force winds occurring around the centre before they are named in the Southern Hemisphere. When a tropical or subtropical storm exists in the South Atlantic Ocean, the Brazilian Navy Hydrographic Center's Marine Meteorological Service names the system using a predetermined list of names. QUEZON CITY, Philippines – The weather agency PAGASA assigns a local name for tropical cyclones when they are already inside the Philippine area of responsibility (PAR), just as the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) maintains a rotating list of international names for tropical cyclones worldwide. I will assume that you basically mean the activity that occurs in the North Indian Ocean Basin, which basically includes all of the South Asia Coast. The credit for the first usage of personal names for weather systems is generally given to the Queensland Government Meteorologist Clement Wragge, who named systems between 1887 and 1907. Mohapatra said since the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal and the north Indian Ocean witness five cyclones a year, the list could last for the next 25 years. [11], Within the North Atlantic Ocean, tropical or subtropical cyclones are named by the National Hurricane Center (NHC/RSMC Miami) when they are judged to have intensified into a tropical storm with winds of at least 34 kn (39 mph; 63 km/h). [8] Formal naming schemes have subsequently been introduced for the North Atlantic, Eastern, Central, Western and Southern Pacific basins as well as the Australian region and Indian Ocean. The name should be chosen in such a way that it does not hurt the sentiments of any group of population over the globe. Accordingly, Bangladesh, India, Iran, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, United Arab Emirates and Yemen gave their preferences for names, Mohapatra said. [1] The World Meteorological Organization's Regional Association IV Hurricane Committee decided that Greek letter names would not be retired but would be included in the list of retired names if a storm met the requirements. [4][18], Within the South-West Indian Ocean in the Southern Hemisphere between Africa and 90°E, a tropical or subtropical disturbance is named when it is judged to have intensified into a tropical storm with winds of at least 34 kn (39 mph; 63 km/h). [12] The names of significant tropical cyclones are retired from the lists, with a replacement name selected at the next World Meteorological Organization's Hurricane Committee meeting. According to the IMD guidelines, the proposed name should be neutral to politics, political figures, religious beliefs, cultures and gender. [7] The name "Kurumí" replaced "Kamby" in 2018 without being used. Names are drawn in order from predetermined lists. [6] List E contains names that will replace names on A-D when needed.[6]. When a tropical depression intensifies into a tropical storm to the north of the Equator between the coastline of the Americas and 140°W, it will be named by the NHC. [6] The name of a tropical cyclone is determined by using Lists A — D in order, without regard to the year before restarting with List A. The names are intended to reduce confusion in the event of concurrent storms in the same basin. [6] If a name is assigned to a tropical cyclone that causes loss of life or significant damage and disruption to the way of life of a community, then the name assigned to that storm is retired from the list of names for the region. (File photo: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration), Shaheen, Gulab, Agni: MeT bodies of 13 nations name future cyclones to hit South Asia, Cyclone watch: Low pressure area likely to form over south Andaman sea, says IMD, Monster cyclone Harold tears through Fiji, Cyclone Bulbul makes landfall in West Bengal. Tropical cyclones are named for historical reasons and so as to avoid confusion when communicating with the public, as more than one tropical cyclone can exist at a time. Shaheen, Gulab, Tej, Agni, Aag are among the 169 names selected by 13 countries for christening future cyclones in the north Indian Ocean, the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean, the India Meteorological Department said on Tuesday. [6] A replacement name is then submitted to the next World Meteorological Organization's RA V Tropical Cyclone Committee meeting. The most extreme weather pattern of South Asia is the cyclone, a violent storm with fierce winds and heavy rain. [1] The names of significant tropical cyclones are retired from the lists, with a replacement name selected at the next World Meteorological Organization's Hurricane Committee. Every country has given 13 names. Cyclonic storm Nilam was the deadliest tropical cyclone to directly affect South India since Cyclone Jal in 2010. [1] There are six lists of names which rotate every six years and begin with the first letters A—W used, skipping Q and U, and alternating between male and female names. Viet Nam: Vietnam: Floods - Emergency appeal n° MDRVN020 Operation update n°1 (1 December 2020) Situation analysis Description of the disaster The central region of Viet Nam was experiencing prolonged heavy rain since 6 October 2020. [3], Tropical cyclones within the Western Pacific are assigned international names by the Japan Meteorological Agency when they become a tropical storm with 10-minute sustained winds of at least 34 kn (39 mph; 63 km/h). A cyclone that tore into southern Bangladesh and eastern India is said to have killed at least 191 people and left hundreds of thousands homeless. [6] List B contains names that will replace names on list A that are retired or removed for other reasons. Greg O'Hare explains the what, why, when and how of cyclones, and reviews their effects in South Asia. Cyclones are strong spiraling winds characterized by a low pressure and numerous thunderstorms. This list may not reflect recent changes . It also helps in rapidly and effectively disseminating warnings to a much wider audience, he said. The Indian names were selected by a panel within the IMD which had also sought suggestions from the public. [1], When a tropical depression intensifies into a tropical storm to the north of the Equator between 140°W and 180°, it is named by the CPHC. They are usually assigned to tropical cyclones with one-, three- or ten-minute windspeeds of at least 65 km/h (40 mph). The World Meteorological Organization Tropical Cyclone Programme is tasked to establish national and regionally coordinated systems to ensure that the loss of life and damage caused by tropical cyclones are reduced to a minimum. Published on 13:14 GMT. Submitted to the IMD which had also sought suggestions from the western Pacific then it will its! Most destructive in Bangladesh, a name proposed by Thailand, which is also last... Develop between May and October than the Atlantic lists were damaged in the southern hemisphere many Pacific islands 2004! 150 list of cyclones in south asia were killed and 200,000 houses were damaged in the tropics the for!, the lists contain more Spanish names than the Atlantic lists category `` tropical cyclones in 2004! 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