what caused the edgecumbe earthquake

A woman was hurt when a piano fell on her, and another was struck by a bull which had been sent flying through the air. The Edgecumbe district is a typically lush part of the Bay: rich dairy and horticultural lands, set on a wide, well-watered plain, surrounded by large exotic forests. Staff found minor cracks in the roadway and concrete abutments. The 2010 Canterbury (Darfield) earthquake, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. Apart from the Inangahua earthquake of 1968, the Edgecumbe earthquake was the most severe and damaging earthquake to hit New Zealand in 45 years. Minutes later, at 1:42pm, a much stronger 6.3 magnitude quake centred between Matata and Edgecumbe struck. The Pleistocene-to-Holocene Edgecumbe volcanic field covers about 260 km2 of Kruzov Island west of Sitka in the SE panhandle of Alaska. It was, with the exception of the Inangahua earthquake in 1968 , the most severe and damaging earthquake to hit New Zealand in 45 years. It … The 1929 Arthur’s Pass and Murchison earthquakes; The 1931 Hawke’s Bay earthquake; In the Napier earthquake; Rebuilding Napier; The 1942 Wairarapa earthquakes; The 1968 Īnangahua earthquake; The 1987 Edgecumbe earthquake; The 2010 Canterbury (Darfield) earthquake; The 2011 Christchurch earthquake; … A woman who had been picking fruit was thrown from a ladder by the quake. The New Zealand Embassy in Washington was inundated with calls from worried people seeking news. Find out…, Caught in the crunch: earthquakes and volcanoes in New Zealand, Christchurch City Libraries' Terms of Use and Privacy Policy, Search our catalogue for information about theÂ. Recent studies utilizing extensive CPT investigations indicate that much of the Whakatane Central Business District is underlain by sediments with a low cyclic resistance to liquefaction. In Edgecumbe the ground shaking cut deep gashes in roads and footpaths, damaged river embankments, tipped a diesel locomotive off its tracks, and ripped power transformers, weighing … At one point the land close to the fault dropped 2 metres. All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. Many roads were blocked by slips or had split open, making it impossible to use them. Liquefaction and lateral spreading resulted in severe damage to infrastructure and lifelines, including NZ$10 million worth of damage to flood control and drainage … The Bay of Plenty was well named by James Cook for its food and timber resources – and it is still a place of bountiful produce. On the afternoon of 2 March 1987, at 1:42pm, the Bay of Plenty region was rocked by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake. Some roads cracked or acquired ‘judder bars’ as the ground buckled. The 1987 Edgecumbe earthquake. The M6.5 event was soon named after the town. Distillery Company, tanks of spirits collapsed, saturating the ground with vodka and gin. Eileen McSaveney, 'Historic earthquakes - The 1987 Edgecumbe earthquake', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/historic-earthquakes/page-11 (accessed 24 January 2021), Story by Eileen McSaveney, published 12 Jun 2006, reviewed & revised 28 Mar 2011, updated 1 Nov 2017. Mill workers escaped from falling debris through a maze of twisted stairs and walkways. If you are still seeing this message and JavaScript is enabled in your browser then please either contact the library or fill in our technical support form and we will try to fix the problem. In Edgecumbe and Te Teko water and sewage systems were not working. BiblioWeb: app01 Version 3.26.0 Last updated 2021/01/20 07:34, After the Paint n’ Pen art exhibition, local…, #PopUpPenguins are in Christchurch! One person died from a heart attack, possibly caused by the shock of the earthquake, but there were no other deaths. This probably saved a number of lives. N0o m surface ruptures along old faults, Below the dam, the residents of Te Mahoe were evacuated as a precaution. A fissure up to 3 metres wide and 3–4 metres deep opened up along much of the fault, although some sections were marked just by zones of cracks. The region which sank downward is now more prone to flooding. The most spectacular effect of the Edgecumbe earthquake was the 7-kilometre-long rift that appeared across the Rangitāiki Plains – the Edgecumbe Fault. In Kawerau 40 houses were evacuated because of an unstable hill above them. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. The epicentre was 2.24 kilometres (1.39 mi) south-south-east of the town of Matata, and 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) north-north-west of Edgecumbe… In the hours after the Edgecumbe earthquake, accounts of the disaster became wildly exaggerated. One man ended up lying under a pile of circular saw blades. The number, distribution, … Water flows were disrupted in a number of places. Extent of shaking, Edgecumbe earthquake, 2 March 1987 (1st of 2). The probable cause of the Edgecumbe earthquake was a sudden release of energy from an overstretched part of the underlying Pacific Plate. Quite the same Wikipedia. Liquefaction and lateral spreading was well documented proximal to the waterways in areas underlain by recent fluvial and … Everywhere people struggled to keep on their feet. Damage caused by the Edgecumbe earthquake on Whale Island was largely confined to minor rockfalls and two larger failure slis (op scarsn old) on the steep coasta cliffsl Th. Liquefaction and associated lateral spreading during the 1987 M L 6.3 Edgecumbe earthquake caused severe damage to parts of Whakatane, New Zealand. Registering magnitude 6.25 on the Richter Scale, this earthquake and its aftershocks caused damage of over NZ$400 million. The earthquake had been caused by movement along the fault; the land to the north-west had dropped by up to 2 metres. This main shock, at 1.42 p.m., had a magnitude of 6.3 and was centred north of Edgecumbe. They opened the floodgates to lower the lake level, but controlled the flow to ensure the river would not overtop its stopbanks downstream. When the stress on the edge overcomes the friction, there is an earthquake that releases energy in waves that travel through the earth's crust and cause the shaking that we feel.. The 1987 Edgecumbe Earthquake. Edgecumbe is a town in the Bay of Plenty of the North Island of New Zealand, 15 kilometres to the west of Whakatane and eight kilometres south of the Bays coast. A foreshock just minutes before had cut the power supply and many people had moved away from heavy machinery and out of their houses. © Crown Copyright. Abstract. The eruption of Mount Tarawera in 1886 and the 1987 Edgecumbe earthquake were two disasters related to geological activity in the volcanic plateau. At the N.Z. Kawerau was one of the worst-affected towns in the 1987 Edgecumbe earthquake. The main Quake was a … This probably saved a number of lives. It is the main service town for the agricultural region surrounding the plains of the Rangitaiki River, which flows through the town. Soon there were ‘eyewitness reports’ that the island had erupted. The basaltic-to-dacitic field is dominated by the large composite cones of Mount Edgecumbe, Crater Ridge, and Shell Mountain, and has an unusual tectonic setting only 16 km E of the Queen … There were a number of impacts and hazards that resulted … Minutes later a much stronger quake rocked the region. The earthquake was centred between Matata and Edgecumbe. The earthquake was the most damaging New Zealand had experienced in recent decades, with approximately 50% of the houses in Edgecumbe being damaged and 35 people being seriously injured. The 1987 Edgecumbe earthquake measured 6.5 on the moment magnitude scale and struck the Bay of Plenty region of New Zealand at 1:42 pm on 2 March. Here, Brad explains the science behind earthquakes and what causes them. At Bay Milk Products in Edgecumbe, pipes and silos collapsed, spilling milk. Because of the earthquake, many people left and therefore Edgecumbe's population dropped considerably. The intense ground-shaking caused by the earthquake led to a large number of ground surface failures, including sand boils, ridge-top shatters and debris avalanches on steeper slopes. Known as the Edgecumbe earthquake, it caused heavy damage in the towns of Edgecumbe, Te Teko, Kawerau, Thornton and Matata. Just better. Two milk tankers were thrown on their sides. The Edgecumbe earthquake was the first since the 1968 Īnangahua quake to cause major damage. The people who live there are dotted about on … Subsequent simplified CPT-based liquefaction assessments undertaken using modelled Peak Ground Accelerations (PGA) and depth to ground-water for the Edgecumbe earthquake … Whilst most of the large earthquakes of 2007 were distant from populated centres or too deep to cause harm, the big shake of December 20 was close enough to cause significant damage in Gisborne city. Industrial sites were badly affected. The Rangitaiki River stopped flowing for about 10 seconds, then came pouring back. The earthquake … 0 that occurred in an area of about 70 × 50 km in the Bay of Plenty, New Zealand, between 1987 February 21 and March 18. In the United States, Washington radio stations reported that 400,000 people had been made homeless. On the afternoon of 2 March 1987 at 1.35 p.m, a magnitude 5.2 earthquake rocked the Bay of Plenty region. This book, written by consulting engineers George Butcher and Latham Andrews and economist Graham Cleland, combines a study of the damage caused by the 2 March 1987 Eastern Bay of Plenty earthquake to domestic, commercial and industrial buildings and infrastructure in the region and the estimated costs … 40 houses in Kawerau were evacuated because the hillside above them was unstable and could have slipped. Current filters. An earthquake is caused by a sudden slip on a fault.The tectonic plates are always slowly moving, but they get stuck at their edges due to friction. … Edgecumbe Earthquake, N.Z., 1987 Edgecumbe Earthquake, N.Z., 1987; Nicholson, … Roads split open, and brick cladding fell off houses. e total amount o involvef debris i dn slope failures is estimated to be in excess of 1503. Most injuries were minor cuts and bruises, but 35 people were seriously injured. [GNS Science] Magnitudes: M L 6.1, M W 6.5, M S 6.6. The Edgecumbe earthquake was the first in New Zealand since the 1968 Īnangahua quake to cause … The Edgecumbe earthquake of 1987 was an earthquake measuring 6.3 on the Richter scale that struck the Bay of Plenty region of New Zealand on 2 March 1987 just after 1.42 pm, centred on the town of Edgecumbe.The earthquake was very shallow, being centred approximately 8 km from the Earth's surface. Minutes later a much stronger quake rocked the region. A major worry was the large earthfill hydro dam at Matahina on the Rangitāiki River. 3), was associated with renewed tectonic rupture on the Edgecumbe Fault, renewed movement on the Onepu and Rotoitipakau Faults, and several new surface breaks—the Awaiti, Otakiri, Te Teko, and Omeheu Faults. Kawerau were evacuated because the hillside above them was felt over a large area earthquake and its caused. Out of her swimming pool and settled, 5 metres from a ladder by the shock of worst-affected. W 6.5, M W 6.5, M S 6.6 land close to the concrete 3! 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